In those days the multitude being very great, and having nothing to eat,
Jesus called his disciples unto him, and he saith unto them,
In those days
Christ was in
This is a similar
multitude that was often gathered about Him in Galilee.
Mark 8:2 I have
compassion on the multitude, because they have now been with me three days,
and have nothing to eat:
If they brought any
food, it was all consumed and they were in immediate need.
Mark 8:3 And if I send
them away fasting to their own houses, they will faint by the way: for
divers of them came from far.
They had become
exhausted for want of food and had a long way to go to reach their homes.
Mark 8:4 And his
disciples answered him, From whence can a man satisfy these men with
bread here in the wilderness?
The disciples it seems
did not reflect on the miracle in which Christ had fed the five thousand.
The disciples were still babes in faith and knowledge. Also the Jews
murmured immediately after their deliverance at the Red Sea. Cf: Exodus
15:24 & 17:1-3.
Mark 8:5 And he asked
them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven.
The disciples now
seemed to have suspected what Jesus was about to do for they do not ask as
they did before “What are these among so many.” Cf: John 6:9.
Mark 8:6 And he
commanded the people to sit down on the ground: and he took the seven
loaves, and gave thanks, and brake, and gave to his disciples to set before
them; and they did set them before the people.
Probably under the
direction of the disciples as in the feeding of the five thousand they
arranged the people in companies of hundreds and fifties. We should follow
the example of Jesus and offer thanks over our daily meals before eating
Mark 8:7 And they had
a few small fishes: and he blessed, and commanded to set them also before
Jesus gave thanks over
the fish separately showing the order that the two foods were served.
Mark 8:8 So they did
eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was
left seven baskets.
The baskets were Greek
spoo-rece large baskets. Matthew says they all ate and were filled. The
fragments after the people were filled were more than they had to begin
Mark 8:9 And they that
had eaten were about four thousand: and he sent them away.
The word “about” may
mean a few more or a few less, but it gives us some idea what the Bible
writers mean when they speak of great multitudes following Jesus.
Mark 8:10 And
straightway he entered into a ship with his disciples, and came into the
parts of Dalmanutha
says "Magdala." Neither place exists now, but they are supposed to have been
near each other on the western shores of the Sea of Galilee.
Note the evangelists
do not say, He went in to either of those towns, but only to the coast or
Mark 8:11 And the
Pharisees came forth, and began to question with him, seeking of him a sign
from heaven, tempting him.
The Pharisees were
looking for a great king and conqueror like King David with vast wealth and
armies. Could Jesus be this conqueror and king of the Jewish nation?
They were probably
seeking a sign in the sky and not a sign on earth such as Jesus’ miracles
were. They wanted to test the extent of His miraculous powers so they could
say there were some miracles which He could not work. This is the first
time that the Pharisees and Sadducees are mentioned as acting in concert
against Jesus. The Pharisees opposed Him because of His disregard of their
tradition. But, relative to Jesus’ miracles, the Pharisees and Sadducees
occupied common ground in opposing Him.
Mark 8:12 And he
sighed deeply in his spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after
a sign? verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this
When so many signs and
infallible proofs have already been given and continue to be given and you
seek more proof no such sign as they sought would be given. On raising from
the dead Jesus gave the only sign that He promised to give them.
Mark 8:13 And he
left them, and entering into the ship again departed to the other side
Mark 8:14 Now the
disciples had forgotten to take bread, neither had they in the ship with
them more than one loaf.
Probably through their
anxiety and interest in the attack on Jesus, they forgot to take food for
themselves on their journey.
Mark 8:15 And he
charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and
of the leaven of Herod.
"Sadducees" instead of "Herod." Herod was a Sadducee, and the Sadducees
generally were supporters of Herod.
Leaven is generally
used in scripture to represent that which is evil. The leaven of the
Pharisees was their teaching both by word and example. All false teaching
is like leaven a secret, silent force that contaminates the body, and then
changes the whole. The leaven of Herod was a corrupting, political
Just as Jesus can
multiply the loaves and fishes to feed His children, beware of the Scribes,
Pharisees, and all other false teachers who feed false doctrine which
multiplies, silently, just like leaven which makes bread swell up.
Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is
the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in
thereat: 7:14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the
way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it. 7:15 Beware
of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they
are ravening wolves. 7:16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather
grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 7:17 Even so every good tree
bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.
7:18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a
corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 7:19 Every tree that bringeth not
forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 7:20 Wherefore by
their fruits ye shall know them. 7:21 Not every one that saith unto me,
Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the
will of my Father which is in heaven. 7:22 Many will say to me in that day,
Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast
out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? 7:23 And then will
I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work
II Timothy 3:1-7 2Ti
3:1 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. 3:2
For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud,
blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, 3:3 Without
natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce,
despisers of those that are good, 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers
of pleasures more than lovers of God; 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but
denying the power thereof: from such turn away. 3:6 For of this sort are
they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins,
led away with divers lusts, 3:7 Ever learning, and never able to come to
the knowledge of the truth.
II Peter 2:1-6 But
there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be
false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even
denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift
destruction. 2:2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason
of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 2:3 And through
covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose
judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth
not. 2:4 For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them
down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be
reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the
eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood
upon the world of the ungodly; 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and
Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them
an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
II Peter 3:1-7
This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I
stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: 3:2 That ye may be mindful
of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the
commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour: 3:3 Knowing this
first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their
own lusts, 3:4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since
the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the
beginning of the creation. 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of,
that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out
of the water and in the water: 3:6 Whereby the world that then was, being
overflowed with water, perished: 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which
are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the
judgment and perdition of ungodly men.
Mark 8:16 And they
reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have no bread.
The disciples talked
the matter over among themselves and came to the conclusion that He reproved
them for not taking bread.
Mark 8:17 And when
Jesus knew it, he saith unto them, Why reason ye, because ye have no
bread? perceive ye not yet, neither understand? have ye your heart yet
How could they be so
troubled about bread when they recently saw Him provide bread for
thousands? No abiding impression has been made upon their minds. The
danger is not from lack of physical bread, but from the forces working
around you that are working silently the hearts of many.
Mark 8:18 Having eyes,
see ye not? and having ears, hear ye not? and do ye not remember?
Mark 8:19 When I brake
the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets full of fragments took
ye up? They say unto him, Twelve.
Mark 8:20 And when the
seven among four thousand, how many baskets full of fragments took ye up?
And they said, Seven.
This shows the dullness
of spiritual perception and probably a lack of faith. These questions of
Jesus show beyond a doubt that He fed the multitude on two different
occasions and not on one as some suppose.
Mark 8:21 And He
said unto them, How is it that ye do not understand?
Beware of the leaven
of false teachers and they at last understood the lesson. But they, like
we, were slow to understand.
Mark 8:22 And he
cometh to Bethsaida; and they bring a blind man unto him, and besought him
to touch him.
was near the
mouth of the upper Jordan where it empties into the lake. It was upon the
eastern bank of the river. The account of the miracle that follows is only
given by Mark.
This man had become
blind by disease, or some other cause. His friends brought him to Jesus to
be healed, and they had faith that Jesus could do it. They also needed to
be taught to leave the mode of healing up to Jesus.
Mark 8:23 And he
took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the town; and when he had
spit on his eyes, and put his hands upon him, he asked him if he saw ought.
As He had taken the
deaf man out of the crowd in
Mark 7:33, the
Lord often sought to escape publicity. When he had spit on his eyes we
suppose that this unusual partial healing was intended to develop in the
man the faith which the Lord made the usual condition of healing.
This shows Jesus’
willingness to help the helpless. Why Jesus spat, no one knows.
Mark 8:24 And he
looked up, and said, I see men as trees, walking.
He can see certain
moving forms about him, but he does not have the power of discerning their
size or what he sees.
This shows he was
not born blind, or he would not have known how trees and men appear.
Mark 8:25 After
that he put his hands again upon his eyes, and made him look up: and
he was restored, and saw every man clearly.
This is the only
example of a progressive cure. We suppose that it was an example of
progressive faith. The Lord could have healed him with a word, but he wished
to save the soul as well as the body.
The second touch of
Jesus completed the restoration. Cf:
Isaiah 29:18-19 And in that day
shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind shall
see out of obscurity, and out of darkness. 29:19 The meek also shall
increase their joy in the LORD, and the poor among men shall rejoice
in the Holy One of Israel.
Mark 8:26 And he
sent him away to his house, saying, Neither go into the town, nor tell it
to any in the town.
Had he gone into the
town seeing, the whole population might have gone out in pursuit of Jesus.
Mark 8:27 And Jesus
went out, and his disciples, into the towns of Caesarea Philippi: and by the
way he asked his disciples, saying unto them, Whom do men say that I am?
Here, from the base of
a mountain, burst forth a famous spring which is one of three sources of the
river Jordan. There is a cave in the mountain which was dedicated to the
worship of the mythological false god Pan. Jesus’ question is a convenient
introduction to the question to come.
Mark 8:28 And they
answered, John the Baptist: but some say, Elias; and others, One of
The Jews believed that
at the time of the Messiah, different prophets would appear.
Malachi 4:5-6 Behold,
I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and
dreadful day of the LORD: 4:6 And he shall turn the heart of the
fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers,
lest I come and smite the earth with a curse
It is evident from
these answers, that all thought Jesus was an extraordinary man. There were
a variety of opinions, and people were discussing the question. Christ was
not ignorant as to what men thought and said of Him, but this is intended to
teach His disciples, that He is the true and promised Messiah.
Mark 8:29 And he saith
unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Peter answereth and saith unto
him, Thou art the Christ.
The emphasis is on ye,
the disciples, Peter’s answer as found in Mark, is short but inclusive.
Luke 9:20 adds to it, the Christ of God, but Matthew 16:16 gives it in the
full, the Christ the Son of the Living God.
It links together the
human and the Divine. It is the bedrock, the great underlying Greek word
Petra (bedrock) on which was laid the Cornerstone, Jesus, as He planted
Himself upon this truth and died for it, and around whom was laid the
foundation of the apostles and prophets, from whom rise, course by course,
the living stones, Petri, that form the temple of the Holy Spirit, the
Church of Christ.
When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his
disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? 16:14 And
they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and
others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. 16:15 He saith unto them, But
whom say ye that I am? 16:16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art
the Christ, the Son of the living God. 16:17 And Jesus answered and said
unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not
revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. 16:18 And I
say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my
church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 16:19 And I
will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou
shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt
loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
Mark 8:30 And he
charged them that they should tell no man of him.
They were not to
tell of the full revelation, because they themselves were not yet prepared
to be the intelligent proclaimers of it. They did not have an adequate
conception of the Kingdom of God. This restriction to tell no man that He
was the Christ lasted until His resurrection and He gave The Great
Cæsarea Philippi was
a heathen town, in the extreme north of Palestine, near the foot of Mount
Hermon, and one of the sources of the Jordan.
Mark 8:31 And he began
to teach them, that the Son of man must suffer many things, and be rejected
of the elders, and of the chief priests, and scribes, and be killed,
and after three days rise again.
He had alluded to them
again and again, but they thought that these allusions were figurative, for
they conveyed no clear idea to their minds.
A suffering Messiah was
utterly foreign to their conceptions of a Messiah, that only this explicit
declaration could begin to prepare them. Prophecy such as Isaiah 53 had
made no impression upon the people or rabbinical teaching. The scriptures
show how actively all these Jewish groups made common cause against Him.
The Sanhedrin consisted of 71 members of elders, chief priests, and scribes.
Mark 8:32 And he spake
that saying openly. And Peter took him, and began to rebuke him.
Jesus spoke freely,
frankly, and boldly without concealment, but Peter began to chide Him for
such sad forebodings. The word rebuke means admonish or earnestly entreat.
Mark 8:33 But when he
had turned about and looked on his disciples, he rebuked Peter, saying, Get
thee behind me, Satan: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but
the things that be of men.
These are the same
words used by Jesus in the wilderness to Satan himself. Jesus rebukes Peter
for his good, and the good of the disciples. Satan means, literally, an
adversary. Peter’s mind had fallen in with the carnal expectations of the
Jewish nation rather than the purpose of God which Jesus and the prophets
taught in the Suffering Servant Messiah.
Mark 8:34 And when he
had called the people unto him with his disciples also, he said unto
them, Whosoever will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his
cross, and follow me.
This was spoken to the
multitude as well as the disciples, for the principals spoken here applied
to both, and to us also, to the rich and the poor, the high and the low. We
must renounce our selfs and abstain from everything that stands in the way
of duty. Let a man surrender to God’s will, his affections, body, and soul,
and be willing to renounce all, even lay down his life, if required. Jesus
is teaching self denial and gospel service.
He had just taught His
disciples that He should suffer, now He was teaching the people that
discipleship also involves suffering and self denial. It consists of doing
our duty as required in the Scriptures. Let it produce whatever shame,
disgrace, or pain that it may, for the Cross is taken willingly. Self
denial lies at the very threshold of Christ’s kingdom.
The Cross is a synonym
of suffering and shame.
Mark 8:35 For
whosoever will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever shall lose his
life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it.
Save his life, by
abandoning this pathway, shall lose that spiritual life which carries joys
beyond the grave.
Whoever dies in the
path of duty, may be temporarily separated from the body, but the spirit
lives on. Cf:
John 11:25-26 Jesus
said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me,
though he were dead, yet shall he live: 11:26 And whosoever liveth and
believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
II Timothy 2:11-13
It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall
also live with him: 2:12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with
him: if we deny him, he also will deny us: 2:13 If we believe
not, yet he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself.
II Timothy 1:12 For
the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed:
for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep
that which I have committed unto him against that day.
Mark 8:36 For what
shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own
To gain the whole
world, means to possess it as our own. All the riches, honors, and
pleasures …. To be the richest man in the graveyard and shut out of Heaven
and sent to Hell.
Mark 8:37 Or what
shall a man give in exchange for his soul?
A man would give any
and everything earthly in exchange for his natural life, should he not then
be willing, to give even natural life itself, for eternal life.
The antithesis is
between earthly life, comfort and pleasures, and eternal life and eternal
joys. What shall be given as an exchange, a ransom price equivalent for
heaven and everlasting life?
Mark 8:38 Whosoever
therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and
sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he
cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.
The Jews were a
perverse and apostate race. This Jewish age, like today was given to
wickedness, particularly adultery. At a time when the friendship of no one
else will do any good, the backsliding apostate will be justly disowned.
The coming spoken of in these verses, is the final manifestation of the
Coming of Christ in power and glory. Cf:
Matthew 25:31-46 When
the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him,
then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: 25:32 And before him shall
be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a
shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: 25:33 And he shall set
the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. 25:34 Then shall
the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father,
inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
25:35 For I was an hungred, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave
me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: 25:36 Naked, and ye clothed
me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
25:37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee
an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
25:38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and
clothed thee? 25:39 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and
came unto thee? 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I
say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of
these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. 25:41 Then shall he say
also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting
fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: 25:42 For I was an hungred,
and ye gave me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: 25:43 I
was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick,
and in prison, and ye visited me not. 25:44 Then shall they also answer
him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger,
or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
25:45 Then shall he
answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not
to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. 25:46 And these
shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life
4:13-17 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them
which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
4:14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also
which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 4:15 For this we say unto you
by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the
coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 4:16 For the
Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the
archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise
4:17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together
with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever
be with the Lord
cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which
pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even