The First Commission of
And he went out from thence, and came into his own country; and his
disciples follow him.
Went out from from
Capernaum and came into his own country, Nazareth, where he had been
Mark 6:2 And when
the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many
hearing him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man
these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that
even such mighty works are wrought by his hands?
entered the synagogues on the sabbath day to read the scriptures and teach
the people cf:
This man that we all know … this was the second time Jesus was rejected in
6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and
Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And
they were offended at him
Is not this the
carpenter is putting Him on a level with themselves there was nothing
degrading in being a carpenter.
"The carpenter's son." This shows that Jesus also had worked at the trade.
It was the custom for every Jew to be taught some trade by his parents. The
rabbis said: “ He who does not teach his son a trade, is much the same as if
he taught him to be a thief.
Regarding the naming
of His brothers: Words should be understood in their first, ordinary meaning
unless there is some good reason not to do so. If it was not for the
Catholic false doctrine that Mary forever remained a virgin no one would
understand it other wise.
Mark 6:4 But Jesus
said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, but in his own country, and
among his own kin, and in his own house.
A proverbial saying
expressing a world wide truth. Rarely does a community realize the
greatness of it’s own sons until they come back with the stamp of greatness
from the outside world.
Mark 6:5 And he
could there do no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few sick
folk, and healed them.
the reason: "Because of their unbelief." It was not from want of power, but
the condition of faith that he required. Those in need of help must either
have faith enough to seek his help, or their friends must have faith. As
faith is the condition of the salvation of the soul, so Christ required it
as a condition of the salvation of the body from disease or death.
Mark 6:6 And he
marvelled because of their unbelief. And he went round about the villages,
Jesus lived in a
atmosphere of perfect faith, it was a marvel that His countrymen the chosen
people of God would reject salvation when it was delivered directly to their
doors. He then went round about the villages, He did not abandon the
Cf: Matt. 8:10 &
But He now leaves Nazareth forever.
Mark 6:7 And he
called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and
two; and gave them power over unclean spirits;
It was the purpose
of Jesus to prepare witnesses to testify of Him and His teaching to the
whole wide world. They were to leave their profession, follow Him and be
with Him daily to hear His teaching as He repeated them day by day. This the
very first of the commissions seems to be a preliminary trial of them to
gradually school and fit them for the Great Commission to come. Two and two
that they might encourage, counsel and support each other. To also show
that union among preachers of the Gospel is essential to the promotion of
the cause of truth.
For the commission
of the twelve also see
Matthew's account is the fullest.
6:8 And commanded them that they should take nothing for their
journey, save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their
They were to go as
they were in their ordinary dress as common travelers, trusting God for
their necessary support. Only the staff that each had already. Matthew
says staves in the plural and forbids a supply for future use. The meaning
is do not make any provision for your journey but rather go just as you are.
“Scrip” is Greek pay-rah a wallet or leather pouch for food or a shepherd’s
bag. They were to go without bread or money to buy bread.
Mark 6:9 But be
shod with sandals; and not put on two coats.
shoes, instead of which they were to wear sandals. The ancient shoe
resembled the modern; the sandal Roman solea was a sole tied on the foot.
The sandal was usually worn by the common people and the disciples were to
dress like them. Be free from all encumbrances
6:10 And he said unto them, In what place so ever ye enter into an house,
there abide till ye depart from that place.
The common salutation
upon entering a house was: “Peace be unto this house.”
Mark 6:11 And
whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake
off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto
you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of
judgment, than for that city.
This is how they were
to act to those who reject them and their message. The Jews considered
themselves defiled by the dust of a heathen idol country which was
represented by the prophets as a polluted land cf: Amos 7:7 This shows the
certainty of the general judgement and also the fact the men will be judged
according to their opertunities.
Polluted when compared
to the land of Israel which was considered a holy land in the Messianic age
cf: Ezekiel 45:1.
Mark 6:12 And they
went out, and preached that men should repent.
Jesus says about
Cf: Luke 13:1-9 There
were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose
blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. And Jesus answering said
unto them, Suppose ye that these Galilaeans were sinners above all the
Galilaeans, because they suffered such things? I tell you, Nay: but, except
ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Or those eighteen, upon whom the
tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above
all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye
shall all likewise perish. He spake also this parable; A certain man
had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit
thereon, and found none. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard,
Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find
none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? And he answering said unto
him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung
it: And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after
that thou shalt cut it down.
Mark 6:13 And they
cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed
There is natural
healing efficacy in olive oil. Oil was a symbol of the Divine grace; to
anoint with it symbolized the Holy Spirit. Its use implied that God was the
healer. Oil was a common home remedy much like taking 2 aspirins and going
to bed. The only other time anointing with oil is mentioned in the New
James 5:14-16 Is any sick among you?
let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him,
anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: And the prayer of faith
shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have
committed sins, they shall be forgiven him. Confess your faults one
to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual
fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
Mark 6:14 And king
Herod heard of him; (for his name was spread abroad:) and he said,
That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works do
shew forth themselves in him
Herod Antipas was
the son of Herod the Great. Years later in 39 AD he was banished to France
where Herodias followed him. Both of these villains died in exile. The
guilty conscience of Herod suggested Jesus was John risen from the dead and
now superhuman or miraculous powers are active in Him. Also for Herod's
opinion of Christ and the death of John the Baptist, cf:
Matt. 14:1-12 &
Mark 6:15 Others said,
That it is Elias. And others said, That it is a prophet, or as one of the
There was a diversity
of opinion among the people as to who Jesus was …
Mark 6:16 But when
Herod heard thereof, he said, It is John, whom I beheaded: he is
risen from the dead.
The “I” is emphatic,
made so by his feeling of guilt. The memory of his crime no doubt haunted
Mark 6:17 For Herod
himself had sent forth and laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison for
Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: for he had married her.
One step in the
wrong direction prepares for another and another. This states why John was
cast into prison, on account of the instigation of the adulterous woman, a
fact omitted by Matthew.
Mark 6:18 For John had
said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife.
This is not common.
Men who claim to be Preachers flatter the great and honorable ones of the
earth in order to secure their favor. A great source of corruption in the
Church is the temptation of preachers to ordain the rich and famous to the
eldership in order to flatter them to secure their favor. Instead of elders
must some day give an account as shepherds of the flock.
Mark 6:19 Therefore
Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but she could
Just as Jezebel was the
foe of the first Elijah cf: I Kings 19:2 so Herodias was the foe of the
second Elijah – John the baptizer.
Sought to kill him
this wicked woman sought his murder, but could not kill him because Herod
refused to consent.
Mark 6:20 For Herod
feared John, knowing that he was a just man and an holy, and observed him;
and when he heard him, he did many things, and heard him gladly
Herod was in awe of
him as a holy man, and feared the indignation of the people if he slew him.
Mark 6:21 And when
a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his
lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee
A convenient day for
Herodias. Probably the governors of particular districts of Galilee. High
captains were military men, literally chief or captains over a thousand men.
Nobles by title, having no office civil or military.
Mark 6:22 And when the
daughter of the said Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod and
them that sat with him, the king said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever
thou wilt, and I will give it thee.
The Scheme worked. She
was Herod’s step daughter being the daughter of Herodias’ previous husbande
Phillip. Joshephus tells us her name was Salome.
Mark 6:23 And he sware
unto her, Whatsoever thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto
the half of my kingdom.
A noble price for a
dance. Even today the rich vie with each other over the presents they make
the dancing girls. A wild and reckless promise made by one who had lost
his wits to drunkenness. Half his kingdom for a lude immoral dance. How many
in our day give away the Kingdom of Heaven for nothing. Just like the old
rock and roll song: money for nothing and chicks for free. The race of Esau
still lives who sell their birthright for a mess of pottage.
Mark 6:24 And she went
forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of
John the Baptist.
Which of every thing
offered her? Palaces, jewels a crown everything a girl’s heart could
desire. The mother was a wicked vindictive woman, relentless in cruelty,
sacrificing her daughters good and making her an accomplice in crime. All
because she was corrected and reproved of her wrongs.
Mark 6:25 And she came
in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou
give me by and by in a charger the head of John the Baptist.
Now we have a daughter
using her fleshly charms to gratify her mother’s vengeance.
Mark 6:26 And the king
was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes
which sat with him, he would not reject her.
His pride would not let
him draw back from his oath before the great ones of his petty earthly
Mark 6:27 And
immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be
brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison,
monarchs the captain of the guard was the executioner.
Mark 6:28 And brought
his head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to
How one sinner leads
another to sin.
Mark 6:29 And when his
disciples heard of it, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it
in a tomb.
Mark 6:30 And the
apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things,
both what they had done, and what they had taught.
The disciples reported
back when they returned from carring out their limited commission.
Mark 6:31 And he
said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a
while: for there were many coming and going, and they had no leisure so much
as to eat.
For the feeding of
the five thousand cf: Matt.
Luke 9:10-17 and John
6:5-14. All the
give this account.
Mark 6:32 And they
departed into a desert place by ship privately
into a desert place which was an
uninhabited place; in this case the small plain of Butaiha, just east of
where the Jordan enters the lake of Galilee.
Mark 6:33 And the
people saw them departing, and many knew him, and ran afoot thither out of
all cities, and outwent them, and came together unto him.
They could probably
watch Him in the boat as they walked along the shore.
Mark 6:34 And Jesus,
when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward
them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to
teach them many things.
They had no spiritual
guide and were exposed to many false teachers.
Mark 6:35 And when the
day was now far spent, his disciples came unto him, and said, This is a
desert place, and now the time is far passed:
The crowd’s intense
interest held them all day and they brought no food.
Mark 6:36 Send them
away, that they may go into the country round about, and into the villages,
and buy themselves bread: for they have nothing to eat.
Let them scatter among
the people living in the area for food and lodging.
Mark 6:37 He answered
and said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they say unto him, Shall we go
and buy two hundred pennyworth of bread, and give them to eat?
They thought what Jesus
proposed to be unreasonable.
Mark 6:38 He saith
unto them, How many loaves have ye? go and see. And when they knew, they
say, Five, and two fishes.
There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes:
but what are they among so many?
Mark 6:39 And he
commanded them to make all sit down by companies upon the green grass.
Mark 6:40 And they sat
down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
So that the twelve
disciples could pass between the ranks and serve all the people.
Mark 6:41 And when he
had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, and
blessed, and brake the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set
before them; and the two fishes divided he among them all.
As Jesus brake from the
bread and the fishes they did not grow less.
Mark 6:42 And they did
all eat, and were filled.
And there remained more
than they began with.
Mark 6:43 And they
took up twelve baskets full of the fragments, and of the fishes.
Twelve baskets each
apostle filled his basket. Greek: kof-ee-nos small baskets. John 6:12 When
they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that
remain, that nothing be lost.
Mark 6:44 And they
that did eat of the loaves were about five thousand men.
And they that
had eaten were about five thousand men, beside women and children.
The moral of
the story as is fully explained in several chapters of Matthew is: Just as
Jesus can multiply the bread and fishes to feed His children, the false
teachers can multiply their false doctrine to trick many.
Mark 6:45 And
straightway he constrained his disciples to get into the ship, and to go to
the other side before unto Bethsaida, while he sent away the people.
the ultimate point to be reached; but on the way there they were to sail
along the coast in a northwest direction, and touch at
take into the boat Jesus, who would go there by land, and then sail
southwest to Capernaum. The ruins at Bethsaida are found near where the
Jordan empties into the Sea of Galilee, and not very far distant from the
scene of the miracle. For the storm and Christ walking on the sea, see
Mark 6:46 And when he
had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray.
Matthew indicates Jesus
Mark 6:47 And when
even was come, the ship was in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the
Mark 6:48 And he saw
them toiling in rowing; for the wind was contrary unto them: and about the
fourth watch of the night he cometh unto them, walking upon the sea, and
would have passed by them.
Between 3am and 6am
when they were exhausted and helpless from rowing Jesus comes to them.
Mark 6:49 But when
they saw him walking upon the sea, they supposed it had been a spirit, and
They thought it was an
apparition or a sign of disaster or death.
Mark 6:50 For they all
saw him, and were troubled. And immediately he talked with them, and saith
unto them, Be of good cheer: it is I; be not afraid.
Mark 6:51 And he went
up unto them into the ship; and the wind ceased: and they were sore amazed
in themselves beyond measure, and wondered.
Mark 6:52 For they
considered not the miracle of the loaves: for their heart was
They comprehended not
that He who exercised such power over the loaves and fishes also had power
over the wind and sea.
Mark 6:53 And when
they had passed over, they came into the land of Gennesaret, and drew to the
Mark 6:54 And when
they were come out of the ship, straightway they knew him,
Mark 6:55 And ran
through that whole region round about, and began to carry about in beds
those that were sick, where they heard he was.
Mark 6:56 And whithersoever he entered, into villages, or cities, or
country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might
touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him
were made whole.
This is a beautiful plain on the western shore of the sea about 4 miles long
and 3 miles wide.
His great fame as a healer has proceeded Him and He healed many in
fulfillment of the prophecy:
Isaiah 35:1ff The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for
them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.
Isa 35:2 It shall
blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of
Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they
shall see the glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God.
Isa 35:3 Strengthen ye
the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.
Isa 35:4 Say to them
that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God
will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence;
he will come and save you.
Isa 35:5 Then the eyes
of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.
Isa 35:6 Then shall
the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in
the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.
Isa 35:7 And the
parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water:
in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with
reeds and rushes.
Isa 35:8 And an
highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of
holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for
those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein.
Isa 35:9 No lion shall
be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be
found there; but the redeemed shall walk there:
Isa 35:10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with
songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and
gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.